The cannabis plant is composed of an entourage of chemicals known as cannabinoids and terpenes. The combination of these chemicals in unique varieties is what creates the wide variety of cannabis strains and products available on the market– a phenomenon known as the entourage effect. One such player in this recipe is the cannabis terpene Beta Carophyllene, which actually interacts directly with CB2 receptors– a key neuronal receptor type that makes up almost half of the endocannabinoid system.
While the direct medical benefits of Beta Carophyllene are still being studied, there is evidence that it could be useful for relieving the joint pain associated with arthritis. Additionally, when added to chemotherapy drugs, the terpene was shown to boost effectiveness. Beta Carophyllene has also been associated with general pain relief from complications caused by cancer.
This pain-fighting terpene is not unique to cannabis; it is also found in cinnamon, oregano, and black pepper.